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Artificial Insemination for treating Infertility

Artificial Insemination is a technique commonly prescribed by medical practitioners the world over to couples for inducing pregnancy.

The process of artificial insemination involves the injection of male sperms directly into the women’s uterus, cervix or fallopian tubes. Two most commonly used techniques of artificial insemination are IUI (Intrauterine Insemination) wherein the semen is placed inside the uterus, and ICI (Intracervical Insemination) in which the semen is placed near the women’s cervix.

The main objective of artificial insemination methodology is to reduce the passage for sperm, and obstacles. Artificial insemination is mostly prescribed as the first treatment option to couples struggling with infertility.

When to go for Artificial Insemination? Artificial Insemination is the way out to a lot of infertility issues in males and females. In men, a low sperm count or weak sperms (that are unable to flow through the cervix to the fallopian tubes)

In women, a different behaviour of the reproductive organs might play the stimuli to opt for artificial insemination, a condition referred to as Endometriosis.

In some cases, women develop a condition wherein the mucus in the cervix prevents the sperm to reach to the uterus and fallopian tubes, a condition called “unreceptive cervical mucus”. Artificial Insemination helps in this case by preventing the mucus interference in sperm flow altogether.

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Dr Shweta Goswami

Dr Shweta Goswami

Reproductive endocrinology and infertility